Unit Framework

* Start with Investigations 1 and 2 to help cover these GLCE's.
You do not need Investigations 3 & 4.

Standards/GLCEs

Essential

Questions

Key

Concepts
Vocabulary
Resources
E.SE.03.13
Recognize and describe different
types of earth materials (mineral,
rock, clay, boulder, gravel, sand,
soil).
(Part of MEAP)
Why is it important to study and understand earth materials?


How are rocks and minerals formed?


How are earth materials useful to people?


Why do geologists study rocks and minerals?
1. Earth materials are naturally
occurring materials taken from
the Earth such as minerals, rocks,
clay, boulders, gravel, sand and soil.

2. Rocks and minerals are solid materials that make up the Earth.

3. Rocks can be many different sizes such as boulders, gravel and sand.

4. Soil makes up the outermost layer of the Earth’s surface. Soil is a combination of dead plants and animals; minerals; different sized rock materials (sand, silt, clay); and nutrients.

5. Based on their composition, soils have
different properties such as color,
texture, and particle size.
boulder
Earth materials
rock cycle
clay
sand
gravel
impervious
porous
soil
soil texture
soil color
water
wind
ice
rock breakage
solid rock
Earth materials' ability to hold water
nutrients
Discovery Education (United Streaming) Video: "Real World Science: Rocks and Minerals"
E.SE.03.14
Recognize that rocks
are made up of minerals. (Covered
on MEAP)


Determine that rocks are composed of minerals and that minerals cannot
be physically separated into other
minerals.
Standard on Report Card
How are rocks and minerals formed?

What can be learned from the properties of minerals?
1. Most rocks are made of two or more
minerals.

2. Mineral properties include color,
hardness, texture, and luster, etc.

3. Minerals are natural solid substances
found in the Earth’s crust.
Earth materials
rock
mineral
particle size
dissolve
evaporate
crystal
crystalization
Investigation 1 & 2
Observe, describe, and record
properties of minerals.
Standard on Report Card




Use the property of hardness to
organize minerals.
Standard on Report Card




Use measuring tools to gather data
about rocks.
Standard on Report Card




E.SE.03.22
Identify and describe natural causes
of change in the Earth’s surface
(erosion, glaciers, volcanoes,
landslides, and earthquakes).
(Covered on MEAP)

Explain the effects of erosion on
rocks and minerals.
Standard on Report Card
What factors influence erosion and weathering?

What are the slow and fast processes that affect changes on the Earth's surface?

What are Earth's major land form types?
1. There are many changes that
occur on the Earth’s surface or
crust. Some happen rapidly like
landslides, earthquakes & volcanic
eruptions and some take millions
of years like glacial movement,
erosion and weathering.

2. Weathering is the wearing away
of the Earth’s surface by wind, water,
ice. Erosion is also the movement of
weathered rocks and soil. Erosion is
a slow process (Grand Canyon).

3. Glaciers are moving masses of ice
and snow that change the land. The
changes made by glaciers are a slow
process.

4. The earth has major land forms on
its surface. (mountains, plains, plateaus, valleys, hills). 4th grade geography

5. There are many bodies of water on the Earth's surface. (lakes, ponds, rivers, oceans, rivers, streams)
4th grade geography

6. Water moves in predictable patterns.
water
wind
ice
helpful change
changes in the Earth's surface
harmful change
earthquake
erosion
runoff
landslide
glacier
metal
mineral
oil

rock breakage
volcanic eruptions
weathered rock
weathering
natural resources
renewable resources
non-renewable resources
fuels
fresh water
forests
natural environment
constructed environment
garbage
habitat destruction
land management
habitat
pollution
rock cycle
farm land
solid rock
Earth materials' ability to hold water
nutrients
particle size

plateau
valley
hill
mountain
plain
lake
pond
river
stream
ocean
Promethean Planet:
Changes to Earth's Surface
http://www.prometheanplanet.com/en-us/Resources/Item/147961/changes-to-earth-s-surface#.U-t1-1OKXfU

"The Dirt Doctors" from the Oakland County Water Resources Commissioner offers a free visit. Contact information:
WRC Environmental Team:
248-858-5264
envreq@oakgov.com

A valuable field trip: Rouge River Water Festival through Cranbrook in early September. Make reservations in May prior to the school year.
Lisa Appel 248-645-3223
lappel@cranbrook.edu

www.kidsgeo.com

www.onegeology.org

http://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/science/index.htm
At the top, choose "Landforms, Rocks, and Minerals."

Discovery Education (United Streaming) Video: "Real World Science: Rocks and Minerals"

Earth Materials Worksheets
http://shar.es/NyeoZ

Video: Bill Nye: Weathering and Erosion
E.SE.03.31
Identify Earth materials used to
construct some common objects
(bricks, buildings, roads, glass).
(Covered on MEAP)

1. Clay is a naturally occurring material.
When dried or fired, it becomes
hardened and used to make bricks.
NEED
NEED
E.SE.03.32
Describe how materials taken
from the Earth can be used as
fuels for heating and transportation.
(Covered on MEAP)
*This is moving with 3rd grade
to Matter and Energy Unit


natural resources
renewable resources
non-renewable resources
reduce
recycle
reuse
renewal
fuels
crude oil
natural gas
coal
fossil fuels
sustainability
Moved to 3rd grade Matter & Energy Unit